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What Makes for Effective Listening

Generally, if you do not perform the functions listed above, communication is lost and little if any effective listening occurs. As an adult learner and listener, it is important to understand these listening functions, so that you can identify any obstacles and make changes or corrections in your learning profile.

Hearing. Receiving the auditory stimulus is the first step toward becoming an effective listener. It's the first step in the communication process. Barring any physiological problems, the process of hearing is more or less a given. However, once the information is heard (received), effective listening begins if the individual is focused, assimilates and understands the information, then responds accordingly.

Focus means paying attention and concentrating. Lack of attention or concentration is probably the most detrimental barrier to effective listening (and learning). The Daydreamer certainly would not be very focused on the information being received. Usually, the Daydreamer is easily distracted. He may drift in and out, and will occasionally pick up a few fragmented bits and pieces of information.

The Daydreamer needs to analyze his behavior. Why is there little or no focus? Why is this person so easily distracted? Following are some possible answers to these questions.